Exp-1 To determine the wavelengths of Balmer series in the visible region from hydrogen emission.
Exp-2 To determine the Rydberg constant.
Principle and Working:
Hydrogen atoms in a discharge lamp emit a series of lines in the visible part of the spectrum. This series is called the Balmer series which continues into the ultraviolet range. Rydberg generalized the Balmer’s formula in terms of wave numbers to describe wavelengths of spectral lines of many chemical elements. For hydrogen the Balmer’s formula becomes a special case of Rydberg’s formula and is given by
1/λ=R(1/22 - 1/n2)
where n are integers, 3, 4, 5, … up to infinity and
R is Rydberg constant ( R = 4/B where B is the Balmer’s constant). In the present setup, the spectral lines of hydrogen is observed by means of diffraction grating. The wavelength of the visible lines of Balmer series of hydrogen are measured by spectrometry.
|Cat. No.||Item Name||SK043||SK062|
|SL806||Spectrometer (L.C. = 20 sec)||1|
|SW281||Spectrum tube power supply||1||1|
|SE080||Power supply 12V AC/DC||1|
|SN583||Spectrometer and Goniometer||1|
* Note: SK062 only manufactured against order.